Contemporary Analytic and Linguistic Philosophies

By E. D. Klemke | Go to book overview

NOTES
1.
Much of this paper is devoted to a critique of analyticity which I have been urging orally and in correspondence for years past. My debt to the other participants in those discussions, notably Carnap, Church, Goodman, Tarski, and White, is large and indeterminate. White's excellent essay "The Analytic and the Synthetic:"An Untenable Dualism, in John Dewey:Philosopher of Science and Freedom ( New York, 1950), says much of what needed to be said on the topic; but in the present paper I touch on some further aspects of the problem. I am grateful to Dr. Donald L. Davidson for valuable criticism of the first draft.
2.
See White, op. cit., p. 324.
3.
R. Carnap, Meaning and Necessity ( Chicago, 1947), pp. 9ff.; Logical Foundations of Probability ( Chicago, 1950), pp. 70ff.
4.
This is cognitive synonymy in a primary, broad sense. Carnap ( Meaning and Necessity, pp. 56ff.) and Lewis ( Analysis of Knowledge and Valuation [La Salle, Ill., 1946,], pp. 83ff.) have suggested how, once this notion is at hand, a narrower sense of cognitive synonymy which is preferable for some purposes can in turn be derived. But this special ramification of concept-building lies aside from the present purpoes and must not be confused with the broad sort of cognitive synonymy here concerned.
5.
See, e.g., my Mathematical Logic ( New York, 1940; Cambridge, Mass., 1947), sec. 24, 26, 27; or Methods of Logic ( New York, 1950), sec. 37ff.
6.
The 'if and only if' itself is intended in the truth functional sense. See Carnap, Meaning and Necessity, p. 14.
7.
The doctrine can indeed be formulated with terms rather than statements as the units. Thus C. I. Lewis describes the meaning of a term as "a criterion in mind, by reference to which one is able to apply or refuse to apply the expression in question in the case of presented, or imagined, things or situations" (op. cit., p. 133).
8.
John Horne Tooke, The Diversions of Purley ( London, 1776; Boston, 1806), I, ch. ii.
9.
R. Carnap, Der Logische Aufbau der Welt ( Berlin, 1928).
10.
E.g., in "Notes on Existence and Necessity", Journal of Philosophy, XL ( 1943), 113-127.
11.
Carnap, "Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology", Revue internationale de philosophie, IV ( 1950), 20-40.
12.
Op. cit., p. 32, footnote.

-409-

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Contemporary Analytic and Linguistic Philosophies
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 3
  • Contents 5
  • Preface 9
  • Acknowledgments 11
  • Introduction - The Rise of Analytic Philosophy 15
  • Notes 20
  • The Pre-Analytic Tradition 21
  • Introduction 23
  • Idealism 31
  • Reality and Idealism 31
  • Selected Bibliography 53
  • Pragmatism 55
  • How to Make Our Ideas Clear 55
  • Notes 69
  • Pragmaticism 71
  • Selected Bibliography 78
  • American Realism 79
  • The Program and First Platform of Six Realists 79
  • Notes 86
  • The Approach to Critical Realism 87
  • Notes 104
  • Selected Bibligraphy 107
  • Analytic and Linguistic Philosophies 109
  • Introduction 111
  • Notes 119
  • Realism and Common Sense 121
  • The Refutation of Idealism 121
  • Note 137
  • The Subject-Matter of Ethics 138
  • Notes 162
  • A Defence of Common Sense 163
  • Proof of an External World 184
  • Note 201
  • Selected Bibliography 203
  • Logical Atomism 205
  • Facts and Propositions 205
  • Note 212
  • Particulars, Predicates, and Relations 213
  • Note 222
  • Excursus into Metaphysics What There Is 223
  • Note 232
  • Selected Bibliography 233
  • Logical Positivism 235
  • The Elimination of Metaphysics 235
  • Notes 246
  • The Futiction of Philosophy 247
  • Notes 252
  • The a Priori 253
  • Notes 264
  • Truth and Probability 265
  • Notes 270
  • Critique of Ethics and Theology 271
  • Notes 284
  • Selected Bibliography 286
  • Conceptual Analysis 287
  • Systematically Misleading Expressions 287
  • Wittgenstein's Lectures in 1930-33 307
  • Notes 319
  • Philosophical Perplexity 320
  • Notes 331
  • Philosophy, Anxiety, and Novelty 332
  • Notes 337
  • Gods 338
  • Notes 351
  • Descartes' Myth 353
  • Selected Bibliography 365
  • Logico-Metaphysical Analysis 367
  • Logical Positivism, Language, and the Reconstruction of Metaphysics 367
  • Note 377
  • On What There Is 378
  • Notes 390
  • Two Dogmas of Empiricism 391
  • Notes 409
  • Selected Bibliography 410
  • Linguistic Analysis 411
  • Performative-Constative 411
  • Notes 419
  • Intention and Convention in Speech Acts 421
  • Notes 436
  • What is a Speech Act? 437
  • Notes 451
  • Selected Bibliography 452
  • General Works on Analytic Philosophy 453
  • Sources of More Complete Bibliographies 454
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