means with reference to the future; (d) in the human sphere, the subject of expectancy and the judgment as to what is proper in conduct is largely bound up with the subject of motives, for if we know why people do as they do, we feel that we know what to expect of them and of ourselves, and we shape our decisions and judgments and policies to take such expectancies into account.
SUPPOSE that I am a psycho-analyst who observes that A adopts an extremely ill-tempered attitude towards B. Suppose further that A is well versed in the vocabulary of virtue, old style, his resentment of B invariably taking the form of high moral indignation. A says that B has done some very mean things. None of these things, A assures me, has any connection with him personally, but it does make him impatient to see such things getting by. B's conduct does not directly concern him at all, except that he cannot tolerate the sight of so despicable a fellow. B mistreats his wife and children; he has been involved in some shady financial transaction;