made—a world without metaphor would be a world without purpose.
Bentham seems to have been more thorough than any other philosopher in finding the ultimate psychological speculations that go with a mechanistic theory of the universe—and perhaps it was this very thoroughness which brings him to the borders of a wholly different region, suggesting in his almost anarchistic indifference to traditional linguistic categories the kinds of confusion in which the mystic appears to be at home.
THE ETHICAL CONFUSION
WE MAY, like Kant and the theologians, locate ethics in a transcendental source. Or we may, like the Utilitarians, consider ethical weightings as hardly more than an epiphenomenon of buying and selling. But whether we discuss the moral as an outgrowth of the economic, or the economic as merely a low order of transcendental moral insight, the same ethical relationship between the individual and his group can be disclosed.
At the roots of the ethical there is tragedy. Tragedy is a complex kind of trial by jury in which