KENTUCKY'S industries are widely distributed. Much the greater part of the State's factory output issues from the towns along the Ohio River but both eastern and western Kentucky are rich in minerals, though the east far outyields the west in tonnage. Yet Kentucky is rightly regarded as being primarily an agricultural State. The value of factory and mine products is nearly three times that of crops and livestock, but, according to the U. S. Census of 1930, more than 340,000 Kentuckians were gainfully employed on farms, while about 203,000 were gainfully employed in mines, shops, and factories. Interest in agriculture is strong even in the State's industrial centers; and the Kentuckian becomes more excited over a killing frost or a rainy spring than over Dow-Jones averages or the Bedeaux system, and takes more interest in thoroughbred foals than in the latest model punch press. Something of the native temperament seems to have found expression in Kentucky's favorite industries, for the Bluegrass State is most popularly known as a producer of fine rye and bourbon whiskies, and of rich, sweet smoking and chewing tobacco. In quantity of whisky produced it leads the Nation, and in tobacco it is outranked by only two States.
Colonization of Kentucky involved transplanting not merely people but an economy capable of serving community life. Men of numerous trades, professions, and businesses joined the rush to the West, bringing with them their tools and experience.
Isolated from markets and sources of supply, Kentucky was not slow in putting to use the abilities of its pioneer craftsmen. Activities essential to life in the new settlements developed with the clearing of the land. Salt-making, tanning, gristmill construction, gunpowder manufacture, lead molding, iron smelting, and the production of nails, rope, linen, woolen cloth, and paper were among the early industries. The trade in furs, first product of the region, expanded into an exchange and