Kentucky: A Guide to the Bluegrass State

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True mountaineers obey the commandments and never allow a twin bed in their homes"; "Visiting Pikeville is like making love to an old maid. You'll have to do it all over again"; and "We serve free beer if you are over 95 years old and accompanied by your parent."

Pikeville is at the junction with US 119 (see Tour 19); between Pikeville and JENKINS, 191.5 m. (1,527 alt., 8,465 pop.) (see Tour 19), US 23 and US 119 are united (see Tour 19).

South of Jenkins the route leads over continuous elevations to the crest of Pine Mountain, thence through historic POUND GAP, 194.6 m. (2,366 alt.), a mountain pass that connects the South with the Big Sandy Valley. It is called a wind gap because water no longer flows through it. Pound Gap, like many mountain passes, has been a highroad of adventure and romance. The Kentucky, the Cumberland, and the Big Sandy head near it; Indian trails passed through it; pioneers eventually utilized it. At first called Sounding Gap because the rocky formation seemed to give back a hollow sound, the name was corrupted to Pound Gap.

A marker on the Kentucky side of the gap lists important dates in the early history of the State and of this pass.

Pound Gap is on the Virginia Line, 20.5 miles west of Norton, Va. (see Virginia Tour 15).


Tour 2

Winchester -- Stanton -- Jackson -- Hazard -- Junction with US119; 161.9 m. State 15.

Hard-surfaced roadbed.
Louisville & Nashville R.R. roughly parallels entire route.
All types of accommodations in larger towns; limited elsewhere.

This route, between Winchester and the junction with US 119, passes from the fertile fields and spacious farmhouses of the Bluegrass region, along Indian and pioneer trails and winding streams, to the wooded hills of the mist-hung Appalachians.

WINCHESTER, 0 m. (981 alt., 8,233 pop.) (see Tour 16), is at the junctions with US 60 (see Tour 16) and US 227 (see Tour 17A).

Southeast of Winchester State 15 winds through rolling country to INDIAN OLD FIELDS (R), 11 m., the SITE OF ESKIPPAKITHIKI, an Indian village that was here from about 1718 to 1754, and is believed to have been the last one in Kentucky. Early Scottish traders, referred to the Piqua, a band of Shawnee who lived here, as Picts, and their

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Kentucky: A Guide to the Bluegrass State
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword vii
  • Preface ix
  • Contents xi
  • List of Illustrations xv
  • List of Maps xxi
  • General Information xxiii
  • Calendar of Events xxvii
  • Part I - Kentucky: the General Background 1
  • Kentuckians 3
  • Natural Setting 7
  • Archeology and Indians 28
  • History 35
  • Agriculture 50
  • Transportation 56
  • Manufacturing and Mining 60
  • Labor 66
  • The Negro 72
  • Religion 77
  • Education 83
  • Folklore and Folk Music 89
  • Kentucky Thorough- Breds 94
  • Press and Radio 102
  • The Arts 110
  • Part II - Cities and Towns 137
  • Ashland 139
  • Covington 147
  • Frankfort 157
  • Harrodsburg 168
  • Louisville 175
  • Lexington 197
  • Paducah 221
  • Part III - Highways and Byways 231
  • Tour 1 233
  • Tour 2 242
  • Tour 3 246
  • Tour 4 261
  • Tour 4a 274
  • Tour 4b 279
  • Tour 5 280
  • Tour 6 288
  • Tour 7 296
  • Tour 7a 309
  • Tour 8 315
  • Tour 9 322
  • Tour 10 324
  • Tour 11 329
  • Tour 12 334
  • Tour 12a 341
  • Tour 13 344
  • Tour 14 351
  • Tour 15 362
  • Tour 16 387
  • Tour 17 414
  • Tour 17 A 419
  • Tour 18 424
  • Tour 19 433
  • Tour 20 441
  • Part IV - Appendices 449
  • Chronology 451
  • Selective Bibliography 462
  • Index 471
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