advance guard started to climb to the roof to haul down the colors, to the ire of the old lady who soundly berated him, telling him that she loved the flag and would rather die than see it in the hands of "rebels." Morgan had ridden up during the altercation, ordered the man to come down, and told the woman to take the flag down; he allowed her to keep it. This courtesy from the much dreaded "raider" so impressed the Union sympathizer that she offered to serve all the food she could "rake and scrape" and all the "parched corn coffee they could hold." But Morgan declined, saying that his men would feast at Christmas on the pigs and turkeys held by the Union commissaries, which they were going to capture.
At 150.9 m. US 31W crosses the Tennessee Line, 37 miles north of Nashville.
Cave City -- Mammoth Cave National Park -- Mammoth Cave; 9.6 m., State 70.
Accommodations at Mammoth Cave National Park: Open day and night throughout year; guides compulsory; adm. (includes any chosen route through the old cave) adults, $2; for each route thereafter, $1; children, 8-12 yrs., $1; children under 8 yrs., no charge. De Luxe Route, adults, $4, children 8-12 yrs., $2; Star Chamber and Mummy Combination Route, $3; children $1.50; lunch in Snowball Dining Room, 60¢. Two modern hotels, rates from $1; horseback riding, boating, hiking, tennis, croquet, and dancing.
State 70 branches west from US 31W (see Tour 7) at CAVE CITY, 0 m. (613 alt., 773 pop.) (see Tour 7).
MAMMOTH CAVE NATIONAL PARK ENTRANCE, 9.6 m., introduces the visitor to a 49,000-acre area of forested rolling hills, deep valleys, and streams, with Mammoth Cave as the chief attraction. The profusion of local flora is well illustrated by the fact that here are more than 180 varieties of plant life, of which 109 are shrubs and trees. A project now under way ( 1939) will make this park part of a scenic loop route embracing the Great Smoky Mountain National Park of North Carolina and Tennessee and the Shenandoah National Park of Virginia.
Mammoth Cave is a product of geologic action and of erosion, a process that began many million years ago. In the ancient period a shallow sea covered the region that is now central Kentucky. Within these waters coral shellfish and other forms of marine life grew in profusion. The sea floor gradually sank, and as it sank reefs, built up in the same manner as those off the coast of Florida, grew to a thickness at this point of more than 325 feet. Then the subsidence stopped.