(Metropolis, Ill.) -- Paducah -- Mayfield -- Fulton -- (Martin, Tenn.); US 45. Illinois Line to Tennessee Line, 53.4 m.
Illinois Central R.R. parallels route throughout.
All types of accommodations in towns, limited elsewhere.
This route crosses the western section of the State, which is called the Jackson Purchase because the United States, on October 19, 1818, through its commissioners, Gen. Andrew Jackson and Gov. Isaac Shelby, purchased from the Chickasaw Indians, for the sum of $300,000, 8,500 square miles of desolate wilderness, west of the Tennessee River. Today that territory comprises eight counties in the westernmost section of Kentucky and 20 counties in Tennessee, and is among the most fertile sections in both of these States. The surface of the region is gently undulating with a few ridges along the highway. The area yields such a quantity of fruits and vegetables that huge trucks loaded with strawberries, dewberries, apples, peaches, and tomatoes, lumber over the highways day and night during the growing season. Tobacco and corn are also raised in quantities and, in the southernmost section, cotton is grown. In the southwestern part are still many fine stands of poplar, hickory, and oak. Near the Tennessee Line trees and shrubs border the road.
US 45 crosses the Illinois Line, 0 m., 13 miles southeast of Metropolis, Ill. (see Ill. Tour 3), on the Brookport-Paducah Bridge (toll 50¢) over the Ohio River.
PADUCAH, 4.5 m. (341 alt., 33,541 pop.) (see Paducah).
Points of Interest: Paduke Statue, Tilghman Memorial, Irvin Cobb Hotel, McCracken County Courthouse, Nobel Park, and others.
Paducah is at the junction with US 60 (see Tour 16), US 62 (see Tour 14), and US 68 (see Tour 15).
MAYFIELD, 30 m. (421 alt., 8,177 pop.), seat of Graves County, like many other Southern cities, is built around the courthouse which is in the center of a block known as Court Square.
A man named Mayfield, according to local legend, journeyed from Mississippi to Mills Point (now Hickman) in 1817 to attend the races. There he was captured by a band of ruffians who carried him to the banks of a near-by creek to rob him. After carving his name on a tree near the stream, Mayfield attempted to escape by crossing the creek