used as an assignment base until January 7, 1862, when it was captured by Gen. C. F. Smith and his Union forces.
WATER VALLEY, 46.3 m. (351 pop.), contains a canning plant that furnishes employment to a large number of people during the season.
Between Water Valley and the Tennessee Line is the northern border of the South's cotton-growing region.
FULTON, 52.5 m. (357 alt., 3,503 pop.), named for Robert Fulton, consists really of two towns, being on the border line between Kentucky and Tennessee. The Tennessee section, with a population of 2,000, is called South Fulton. Each has its own city government and school system, but the single post office is on the Kentucky side. Three lines of the Illinois Central System converge at Fulton, attracting numbers of people from the North as well as the South. The average monthly payroll of employees in the railroad yards is approximately $40,000. Poultry and milk plants belonging to Swift & Company also provide employment. The city also has a COTTON GIN.
Fulton is at the junction with US 51 (see Tour 10).
US 45-51 crosses the Tennessee Line, 53.4 m., 10.8 miles north of Martin, Tenn. (US 45, see Tenn. Tour 10) and 10.9 miles north of Union City, Tenn. (US 51, see Tenn. Tour 11).
( Cairo, Ill.) -- Wickliffe -- Bardwell -- Clinton -- Fulton -- (Memphis, Tenn.); US 51.
Illinois Line to Tennessee Line, 45 m.
Illinois Central R.R. parallels the route.
All types of accommodations in towns; limited elsewhere.
US 51, in crossing the westernmost tip of Kentucky, passes through an area rich in agricultural products and replete with historical associations. Along the roadside are level fields of grassland interspersed with tobacco, corn, and, in the southern extremity, cotton. Back from the highway, extending from the Ohio River to Tennessee, is a chain of attractive small lakes fringed with cypress. Along the high bluffs overlooking the Mississippi River are ancient barrows, remains of stone forts, fortified towns, and a paved canal, last traces of the prehistoric people who preceded the Indians in this region.
US 51 crosses the Illinois Line, 0 m., on the west bank of the Ohio River, almost a mile south of Cairo, Ill. (see Ill. Tour 4), on a bridge