excellent harbor and is an important shipping point for tobacco. Augusta College, one of the first Methodist schools, was here as early as 1799. When the large forest trees were cleared for the village site in 1792, numerous skeletons and artifacts were found, indicating that this was a prehistoric burial ground.
During the War between the States, Augusta was the scene of a battle between Morgan's cavalry, led by Gen. Basil W. Duke, and Federal Home Guards under Col. Joshua T. Bradford. Many of the Home Guards were Southern sympathizers who had been impressed for service by Colonel Bradford. Since the Home Guards were using the brick houses of the town as garrisons, the fighting took place in the streets. General Duke had to burn many of the buildings to dislodge the Federal troops, who finally surrendered. Two gunboats had been stationed at the landing for the protection of the town, but as soon as General Duke's guns were turned on them, they steamed off upriver. This was a Pyrrhic victory for Duke: the heavy loss in officers and men defeated his original purpose -- to ford the Ohio River below Augusta and march toward Cincinnati.
POWERSVILLE, 75.4 m. (103 pop.), a mere sprinkling of houses, was settled about 1783 by Capt. Philip Buckner, soldier of the Revolutionary War. The GRAVE OF CAPTAIN BUCKNER, near the western limits of the town, has been enclosed with an iron fence.
At WILLOW, 76.1 m. (500 alt., 12 pop.), is a junction with State 22 (see Tour 13).
The route wanders about among hills that fall into gullies; the land stretches away in endless wrinkles to a far horizon.
As the highway goes north, it touches the outer Bluegrass, and at 105.5 m. leads down between hills flanked everywhere by spare, softly molded hills with long slopes. Clumps of trees decorate a landscape green in summer, bleak and brown in winter.
ALEXANDRIA, 109.7 m. (513 alt., 424 pop.) (see Tour 3), is at the junction with US 27 (see Tour 3).
( Cincinnati, Ohio) -- Covington -- Warsaw -- Carrollton -- Louisville; US 42. Ohio Line to Louisville, 106.9 m.
Hard-surfaced roadbed throughout. Accommodations of all kinds available; hotels chiefly in cities.
US 42, the down-river route between Cincinnati and Louisville, swings cross-country at Covington and does not meet the Ohio River again until Warsaw is neared. In most places between this point and a short distance beyond Carrollton, highway and river run side by side accompanied by the rolling Kentucky hills with their masses of foliage and, across the river, by the low bottomlands and low hills of Indiana.