Hispanic American Relations with the United States

By William Spence Robertson; David Kinley | Go to book overview

CHAPTER II
THE FOUNDATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL INTER
COURSE

The revolted Spanish colonies send messengers to Washington--The early policy of the United States concerning the Spanish-American Revolution--The policy of Portugal-- Monroe's Message of March 8, 1822--The Law of May 4, 1822--The United States acknowledges the independence of Hispanic-American nations--The first legations of the United States in Hispanic America--Early Hispanic-American legations at Washington--The intervention of the Holy Alliance in Spain--The promulgation of the Monroe Doctrine--Its reception in Hispanic-American countries--The policy of England toward the new republics--The acknowledgment of Brazil's independence by England and Portugal--Tardy recognition of the Spanish-American republics by the motherland-- The rôle of the United States.

The establishment of diplomatic intercourse between the United States and Hispanic-American nations was presaged by the appointment of agents from the revolted Spanish colonists to the government at Washington. At Caracas the provisional junta soon selected Juan Bolívar and Telésforo de Orea to carry to the United States the news of the changes that had occurred in Venezuela.1 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, in December, 1810, commissioned Pascasio Ortiz de Letona to negotiate a treaty of commerce and alliance with the United States.2 In June, 1811, the junta of Buenos Aires instructed two agents bearing assumed names to proceed to Washington and to secure arms from the Republic of the North.3 Although President Madison could not receive such messengers at a time when the provisional governments in Spanish America had not even declared themselves independent of the motherland, yet their activities directed the attention of the people and the government of the United States

____________________
1
Robertson, "Francisco de Miranda and the Revolutionizing of Spanish America," in American Historical Association Report, 1907, vol. I, p. 527.
2
Alamán, Historia de México, vol. II, pp. 65, 66; Garca, Documentos históricos mexicanos, vol. VI, pp. 27, 33.
3
The credentials of Diego Saavedra and Juan Pedro de Aguirre dated June 6, 1811. are found in State Department MSS., Papers Relative to the Revolted Spanish Colonies.

-26-

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