MEDIATION, ARBITRATION, AND DIPLOMATIC
The mediatory policy of the United States in a controversy between Argentina and France--In a dispute between President Urquiza and Buenos Aires--In the Paraguayan War--In the war between Spain and Republics on the Pacific--In "the War of the Pacific"--In a Central American war--The policy of the United States toward Hispanic- American boundary controversies--Toward Argentina's boundary controversies-- Toward boundary controversies of Central American nations--The Cerruti Affair-- Disputes between the United States and Hispanic-American states because of injuries to United States citizens or property--Diplomatic adjustments and arbitral processes-- President Wilson's peace proposal--Disputes concerning sovereign rights of Hispanic- American nations--The Mexican boundary--The Lobos Islands--The Falkland Islands --The Panamá Affair.
In the relations between the Hispanic-American states and their neighbor in the North, there have arisen in the course of a century many questions of a controversial character. Those questions sprang from a variety of circumstances, accidental, economic, fiscal, political. To narrate in detail the history of all of those controversies is manifestly beyond the scope of the present volume. Certain inter-American relationships which occasionally partook of the controversial character were discussed in the preceding chapter. The purpose of this chapter is to consider some other disputes between the United States and the Hispanic-American nations which were generally settled by diplomatic means. Considerable attention will be devoted to controversies involving the Hispanic-American nations in which the United States Government essayed the rôle of arbitrator or mediator.
An early attempt by an official of the United States to mediate in an international dispute about a Hispanic-American country was concerned with a controversy between Argentina and France. That controversy originated in the objections of