SPEAKERS AND LOCATION
(All population figures are approximate)
Europe--France--42,000,000; Belgium--8,000,000; Switzerland--500,000; scattered groups of French speakers in extreme northwestern Italy (Val d'Aosta, Pinerolo); spoken side by side with German, but not so extensively, in Luxembourg. Widely used as a secondary, cultural, diplomatic and commercial language throughout continental Europe, particularly in Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Poland, Russia.
Africa--Language of colonization in the following countries: Algeria (7,000,000); Belgian Congo (14,000,000); Cameroon (2,500,000); French Equatorial Africa (3,500,000); French West Africa (15,000,000); Madagascar (4,000,000); Morocco (6,500,000); Tunisia (2,500,000); French Somaliland (50,000). Widely used as a secondary and cultural language in Egypt.
Asia--Tongue of colonization in French Indo-China (23,000,- 000); Syria and Lebanon (3,500,000); French cities on the coasts of India and China (Pondichéry, Kwangchowan, etc.--about 500,000). Used as cultural language in other Asiatic countries, notably Turkey, Iran, Japan, China.
Oceania--Tongue of colonization in French Pacific possessions (French Oceania, New Caledonia, New Hebrides, West Samoa, etc.--about 250,000).
Western Hemisphere--Canada ( Quebec and Ontario) 3,000,000 (an additional 1,000,000 in New Eng-