Teton Sioux Music and Culture

By Frances Densmore | Go to book overview

PHONETIC KEY

VOWELS
The vowels are five in number. Each has but one sound except when followed by the nasal ŋ, which somewhat modifies it.
a has the sound of English a in father.
e has the sound of English e in they, or of a in face.
i has the sound of i in marine, or of e in me.
o has the sound of English o in go, note.
u has the sound of u in rule, or of oo in food.

CONSONANTS
The consonants are 23 in number.
b has its common English sound.
ć is an aspirate with the sound of English ch, as in chin.
ć is an emphatic ć. It is formed by pronouncing ć with a strong pressure of the organs, followed by a sudden expulsion of the breath.
d has the common English sound.
g has the sound of g hard, as in go.
ġ represents a deep sonant guttural resembling the Arabic ghain.
h has the sound of h in English.
ḣ represents a strong surd guttural resembling the Arabic kha.
k has the same sound as in English.
ḳ is an emphatic letter, bearing the same relation to k that ć does to ć Formerly represented by q.
I has the common sound of this letter in English It is peculiar to the Titoŋwaŋ dialect.
m has the same sound as in English.
n has the common sound of n in English.
ŋ denotes a nasal sound similar to the French n in bon, or the English n in drink.
p has the sound of English ɒ. with slightly greater volume and stress.
s has the surd sound of English s, as in say.
ś is an aspirated s, having the sound of English sh, as in shine
t is the same as in English with slightly greater volume.
w has the power of English w, as in walk.
y has the sound of English y, as in yet.
z has the sound of the common English z, as in zebra.
ź is an aspirated z, having the sound of the French j, or the English. s in pleasure. Formerly represented by j.
____________________
1
From Riggs, S. R., Grammar and Dictionary of the Dakota Language ( Smithsonian Contr. to Knowlege, IV, pp. 3-4, Washington, 1852). See also "Siouan Dakota(Teton and Santee Dialects) with remarks on the Ponca and Winnebago," by Franz Boas and John R. Swanton, in Handbook of American Indian Languages, Bull. 40, Bur. Amer. Ethn., pt. 1, pp. 875-965.

-xxviii-

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Teton Sioux Music and Culture
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword v
  • Contents vii
  • Illustrations - Black and White Plates ix
  • List of Songs xiii
  • Names of Singers xxvi
  • Phonetic Key xxviii
  • Teton Sioux Music 1
  • Introduction 1
  • Analysis of Sioux and Chippewa Songs 40
  • Ceremonies 63
  • Old Songs 152
  • Dreams and Their Obligations 157
  • Societies (okoălakiā06iye) 284
  • Comparatively Modern Songs 428
  • The Buffalo Hunt (wanásapi) 436
  • Council and Chief Songs 448
  • Songs Connected with Dances and Games 468
  • Miscellaneous Songs 492
  • Rhythimc Units 528
  • Bibliography 551
  • I N D E X 555
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