Cognitive Psychophysiology: Event-Related Potentials and the Study of Cognition

By Emanuel Donchin | Go to book overview

13
Report of Panel VI:
Individual Differences and Clinical Applications
Panel chair: M. Oscar-Berman
Panel members: E. Callaway
N. Squires
E. Zaidel

13.1 INTRODUCTION

OSCAR-BERMAN: We begin this session with a definition of "Neuropsychology" and of "individual differences." Thus this chapter begins with a very short tutorial, introducing the topics of concern to psychophysiologists and to neuropsychologists. Then we shall discuss some of the ERP data in neuropsychology and individual-differences research that we consider to be important. This will be followed by a discussion of issues confronting cognitive psychologists and neuropsychologists to whose solution ERP studies may contribute.


13.2 A TUTORIAL SURVEY: NEUROPSYCHOLOGY

Neuropsychology is concerned with the relationship between the structure and the function of the brain, and neuropsychologists approach this relationship from different perspectives or different training histories. As seen in Table 13.1, I have divided the techniques used by neuropsychologists into two major classes according to whether or not the techniques are biologically invasive. Some techniques are used primarily to study brain functions in humans, and others are used to study brain functions in nonhuman animals (as models for human behavior). In both human and animal work, invasive and noninvasive techniques can be used in conjunction with each other in the study of behavior.

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