ONE OF THE PLEASURES of finally finishing a book on which I have worked for so long is the opportunity to thank the many people who helped me along the way. Indeed, precisely because I have been grappling with this study for over two decades, I have been particularly dependent on others for various kinds of support to see it through to completion. One of the costs of taking so long to complete it, however, is the near certainty that I will omit the names of individuals who merit my gratitude, and for those omissions I apologize in advance.
Let me begin with institutions that helped fund my research and writing. During 1976-77 I received a Senior Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Humanities that funded extensive archival research. Aside from my own study at home, the drafting of the manuscript was done at three splendid places: the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford in 1981-82; the National Humanities Center in 1987-88; and Downing College, Cambridge, during my year as Pitt Professor of American History and Institutions at the University of Cambridge in 1993-94. I am indebted to the first two institutions for fellowships and also to the University of Virginia for Sesquicentennial Fellowships that allowed me to visit them for a full year. Working on a book was not part of my official job description at Cambridge, but I was given such a humane teaching load that I managed to get a great deal done. Thus I am very grateful to Professor Tony Badger and his colleagues in the History Faculty at Cambridge for inviting me and to the Master and Fellows of Downing College for offering me such warm hospitality during that year. Since 1990, I have been the Langbourne M. Williams Professor of American History at the University of Virginia, and chair leaves associated with that position facilitated my completion of the book.
In 1976-77, I traveled widely in search of material, and I want to thank the following people for finding or providing lodging to me: Claude Barfield; Professor John Milton Cooper; Professor John Hope Franklin; Mr. and Mrs. James W. Henry, Jr.; Mimi Jones; Betsy and Paul Mendelson; Professors Sydney Nathans and Elizabeth Studley; and John Fox Sullivan.
As the list of manuscript collections consulted in the bibliography reveals, I visited a number of archives and libraries, and I want to thank the helpful people