The Ethics of Organ Transplants: The Current Debate

By Arthur L. Caplan; Daniel H. Coelho | Go to book overview

PART ONE
Sources

Where do organs come from? What kind of organs and tissues are used? What sorts of people are they coming from? Are people the only sources of organs and tissues used in transplantation? Fifty years ago these questions would be science fiction, not science. Advances in surgery, immunology, and pharmacology have made possible the transplantation of hearts, livers, kidneys, lungs, pancreases, bone marrow, skin, and corneas. Yet, along with these technological advances, society has had to explore new and often controversial sources to alleviate a scarcity of useable organs and tissues.

New technologies like transplantation force society to continually reexamine the value and boundaries of life and death. The procurement of organs from deceased individuals (with their prior permission) to be used for transplantation would appear to be straightforward and ethically uncontroversial. But how do we define "deceased"? Is death an event or a process? Is it when your heart stops? Is it brain death? If so, how do you define "brain death"? Barbara Ott addresses precisely these issues in her analysis of theoretical perspectives on defining death. Robert Truog asserts that the current definitions of death may not make either ethical or practical sense, especially with respect to organ procurement. Both of these articles provoke the reader to understand that where the line is drawn between life and death is not simply a matter of biological or medical facts.

Certain organs need not always come from the deceased. In fact, for reasons of histocompatibility, organs from living donors are often preferred. Usually, these organs are donated by a relative, e.g., a mother donating a kidney to her child, a brother donating bone marrow to his twin, a cousin donating a lobe of her lung to her baby niece. However, living related transplants themselves have come under close scrutiny from the medical and

-13-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Ethics of Organ Transplants: The Current Debate
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 350

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.