CHAPTER THREE
Multiple Group Identities: Differentiation, Conflict, and Integration

Jean S. Phinney
California State University, Los Angeles

Recent writing on identity development in adolescence emphasizes the fact that it is not simply an intrapsychic process, but also an interpersonal process, embedded in a social context ( Hart, 1988; Josselson, 1988; Noam, 1988). Hogan and Cheek ( 1983) noted that an authentic identity does not simply mean being autonomous, but rather successfully integrating both the personal and social aspects of identity. The social context has been most often conceptualized in terms of significant others, primarily parents and friends with whom the adolescent interacts on a daily basis. However, in addition to family and peers, the larger context, such as ethnic group, class, or society, plays an important role in the formation of identity. Research on identity development has paid relatively little attention to the broader context, a fact that is surprising in view of Erikson's ( 1968) assertions that the identity process is located "in the core of the individual" and yet also "in the course of his communal culture" (p. 22). Erikson emphasized that we cannot separate personal growth from communal change, noting the importance of "the interplay between the psychological and the social, the developmental and the historical" (p. 23).

An important component of the communal culture is the group identities that are possible in a given society. The development of all youth will be influenced by their identification with social groups, such as those associated with church membership or jobs. However, group identity is likely to be particularly salient for adolescents from ethnic minority

-47-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Discussions on Ego Identity
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 265

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.