|1864|| Henri-Marie-Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa born November 24, in Albi,|
at the Hôtel du Bosc, home of his paternal grandmother. His mother is Adèle
Tapié de Céleyran, first cousin of his father, Count Alphonse Toulouse-Lautrec-
Monfa. Typically, his father, an ardent sportsman, and an eccentric in the grand
manner, is hunting at the time of his son's birth.
Henri's only brother, born the year before, is christened. Henri insists on signing|
the baptismal register with the drawing of an ox. The death of this younger
brother soon after leaves Henri an only child, but he is surrounded by a large
family of cousins, two of whom are his boon companions throughout life: Louis
Pascal and Gabriel Tapié de Céleyran.
The Toulouse-Lautrec family moves to Paris for the school year, although they|
continue the rounds of the family châteaux during vacations: those of his par-
ents -- Le Bosc and Céleyran -- as well as those of other members of the family.
Henri is enrolled as a day student in the Lycée Fontanes (now Condorcet) and
lives at the Hôtel Pérey, 5 Cité du Retiro (a courtyard between the rue Faubourg
St.-Honoré and the rue Boissy d'Anglas). He is an outstanding student. Two
of his schoolmates are his future biographer and closest friend, Maurice Joyant
and his cousin, Louis Pascal.
As a result of poor health, Henri is withdrawn from school. He continues his|
education with tutors, under the supervision of his mother.
In May, 1878, the boy slips on the floor of the drawing room at Albi and breaks|
a thigh bone. He breaks the other in August of 1879, while walking in the coun-
try with his mother, who has taken him to Barèges for his convalescence from
the first accident. Through improper healing of them both he becomes deformed.
During his convalescence he takes up drawing seriously. His father's friend, the
deaf-mute sporting painter René Princeteau, becomes his first teacher. It is
through Princeteau that Henri meets the sporting painter John Lewis Brown,
and also Jean-Louis Forain, both of whom influence his style. During this time,
the boy contributes drawings to the newspaper of his old lycée. His first subjects
are horses and dogs.
Fails his baccalaureate examination in Paris, but passes at Toulouse in October.|
On the advice of Princeteau, enters the studio of the academic painter Léon
Transfers to the studio of Fernand Cormon, another academician. Toulouse-|
Lautrec begins making artistic friends -- Henri Rachou, Emile Bernard, Adolphe
Albert, François Gauzi, Joseph Albert, and René Grenier. These men continue
to appear in the backgrounds of Lautrec's paintings through the years.