Louisiana: A Guide to the State

By Louisiana Writers' Project | Go to book overview

Literature

THE chronicles of the Spanish conquistadores in the first half of the sixteenth century and the accounts of the French colonization under La Salle a century later comprise the earliest literature concerned with Louisiana. After the founding of New Orleans in 1718 an indigenous literature began to grow, but it was not until the establishment of a printing press in the Colony in 1764 that local creative writings began to appear. These first efforts revealed that Louisiana's culture was, like that of most Colonial States, an imposed European culture. Most of the Colonists had been born in Europe, and their children were sent there to be educated. Thus the culture of Louisiana bore the imprint of the cultures of France and Spain; and during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries its literature either followed the neo-classic ideal, or chose as subject the Indians and their life in the forest in order to view them through the highly colored glass of French romanticism.

As late as 1850 most of the literature of the State was written in French, though English had made great progress since the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. The War between the States was to witness the crystallization of the Creole tradition and the succession of English as the literary language. After the war the English-speaking peoples, under the leadership of George W. Cable and Grace King, discovered Creole local color, and from that time on the Creoles have been fighting

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Louisiana: A Guide to the State
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xi
  • Illustrations xvii
  • Maps xxi
  • General Information xxiii
  • Calendar of Annual Events xxvii
  • Part I Louisiana: Past and Present 1
  • An Introduction to Louisiana 3
  • Natural Setting 7
  • First Americans 29
  • History 37
  • Government 53
  • Agriculture 60
  • Commerce, Industry, and Labor 67
  • Transportation 78
  • Racial Elements 86
  • Folkways 90
  • Social Life and Social Welfare 102
  • Education 116
  • Religion 126
  • Newspapers and Radio 134
  • Sports and Recreation 141
  • Architecture 148
  • Art 161
  • Literature 178
  • Music 190
  • The Theater 203
  • Science 217
  • Cuisine 225
  • Part II Cities and Towns 233
  • Abbeville 235
  • Alexandria--Pineville 239
  • Baton Rouge 250
  • Gretna 268
  • Lafayette 272
  • Lake Charles 281
  • Minden 288
  • Monroe 290
  • Natchitoches 299
  • New Iberia 312
  • New Orleans 316
  • Opelousas 345
  • Ruston 350
  • St. Martinville 353
  • Shreveport 360
  • Winnfield 377
  • Part III Tours 381
  • Tour 1 383
  • Tour 1a 411
  • Tour 1b 414
  • Tour 1c 420
  • Tour 1d 423
  • Tour 1e 425
  • Tour 1f 428
  • Tour 2 431
  • Tour 2a 434
  • Tour 2b 438
  • Tour 2c 440
  • Tour 3 444
  • Tour 3a 455
  • Tour 4 457
  • Tour 5 465
  • Tour 6 474
  • Tour 7 478
  • Tour 8 488
  • Tour 8a 498
  • Tour 9 503
  • Tour 10 508
  • Tour 10a 521
  • Tour 10b 523
  • Tour 10c 541
  • Tour 11 544
  • Tour 11 A 569
  • Tour 11b 573
  • Tour 11c 579
  • Tour 11d 582
  • Tour 11e 586
  • Tour 12 589
  • Tour 13 597
  • Tour 14 610
  • Tour 15 612
  • Tour 15a 627
  • Tour 15b 629
  • Tour 16 631
  • Tour 17 635
  • Tour 17 A 650
  • Tour 17b 654
  • Tour 18 656
  • Tour 18 A 669
  • Tour 19 672
  • Part IV Appendices 683
  • Glossary 685
  • Chronology 693
  • Bilbliography 704
  • Population Figures, 1940 Census 717
  • Map of Louisiana in Five Sections 721
  • Index 735
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