Louisiana: A Guide to the State

By Louisiana Writers' Project | Go to book overview

As the highway continues north, the country becomes slightly higher and poultry farms and oil derricks are occasionally seen.

JENNINGS, 69.2 m. (25 alt., 4,036 pop.) (seeTour 1c), is at the junction with US 90 (seeTour 1c).


Tour 2A

Junction with La 25-- Avery Island; 5.1 m., La 445.

Graveled roadbed.

Admission to Avery Island 25¢ a car; admission to Jungle Gardens 50¢ a person, plus $1 a car; special rates for large parties. Camps pitched on island by special permission.

The Avery Island route runs through patches of rice and sugar cane and across water-splotched pastures and unreclaimed prairie lands. The high contours of the "island" are visible from the beginning of the route. This is the largest and most striking of the "Five Islands" that rise above the marshes and savannas of this region. Like the others, it overlies a coastal salt dome.

La 445, unmarked, branches south from La 25 (seeTour 2), 0 m., at a point 2.3 miles southwest of New Iberia, and at 3.9 m. turns L.

A tollgate at 5.1 m. marks the entrance to AVERY ISLAND (152 alt., 340 pop.). Nearly round in shape and with an approximate diameter of two miles, Avery Island is completely surrounded by sea marsh and swampy thickets. At the center is a cluster of small hills, comprising 1,884 acres of high land that slopes off gradually into the surrounding fringe of marsh. There are areas of virgin woodland on the island where bear and deer are still found; alligators, raccoons, muskrats, and opossums abound in the marshes and wooded areas. Every type of coastal vegetation is to be seen: floating aquatic plants in the small lagoons; mallows, cattails, bulrushes, buttonbush, willow, and wax myrtle in the marshes and half-wooded sloughs; and live oak, cypress, swamp maple, and various other trees where the soil is suitable.

For many years the island was known at Petite Anse (Fr., little cove) because of the bayou that skirts its western edge. Early writers gave it various other names, among which were Thomas Island, Marsh's Island, and Salt Island.

Salt is found some 15 to 20 feet below the island's surface and continues to an explored depth of more than a mile. Its excavation has brought to light rare animal and human relics, from which the prehistoric life of the island can be partially reconstructed. The earth here is stratified, with six to eight layers of earth crust, each representing a different period of history. At a depth of eight to ten feet the

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Louisiana: A Guide to the State
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xi
  • Illustrations xvii
  • Maps xxi
  • General Information xxiii
  • Calendar of Annual Events xxvii
  • Part I Louisiana: Past and Present 1
  • An Introduction to Louisiana 3
  • Natural Setting 7
  • First Americans 29
  • History 37
  • Government 53
  • Agriculture 60
  • Commerce, Industry, and Labor 67
  • Transportation 78
  • Racial Elements 86
  • Folkways 90
  • Social Life and Social Welfare 102
  • Education 116
  • Religion 126
  • Newspapers and Radio 134
  • Sports and Recreation 141
  • Architecture 148
  • Art 161
  • Literature 178
  • Music 190
  • The Theater 203
  • Science 217
  • Cuisine 225
  • Part II Cities and Towns 233
  • Abbeville 235
  • Alexandria--Pineville 239
  • Baton Rouge 250
  • Gretna 268
  • Lafayette 272
  • Lake Charles 281
  • Minden 288
  • Monroe 290
  • Natchitoches 299
  • New Iberia 312
  • New Orleans 316
  • Opelousas 345
  • Ruston 350
  • St. Martinville 353
  • Shreveport 360
  • Winnfield 377
  • Part III Tours 381
  • Tour 1 383
  • Tour 1a 411
  • Tour 1b 414
  • Tour 1c 420
  • Tour 1d 423
  • Tour 1e 425
  • Tour 1f 428
  • Tour 2 431
  • Tour 2a 434
  • Tour 2b 438
  • Tour 2c 440
  • Tour 3 444
  • Tour 3a 455
  • Tour 4 457
  • Tour 5 465
  • Tour 6 474
  • Tour 7 478
  • Tour 8 488
  • Tour 8a 498
  • Tour 9 503
  • Tour 10 508
  • Tour 10a 521
  • Tour 10b 523
  • Tour 10c 541
  • Tour 11 544
  • Tour 11 A 569
  • Tour 11b 573
  • Tour 11c 579
  • Tour 11d 582
  • Tour 11e 586
  • Tour 12 589
  • Tour 13 597
  • Tour 14 610
  • Tour 15 612
  • Tour 15a 627
  • Tour 15b 629
  • Tour 16 631
  • Tour 17 635
  • Tour 17 A 650
  • Tour 17b 654
  • Tour 18 656
  • Tour 18 A 669
  • Tour 19 672
  • Part IV Appendices 683
  • Glossary 685
  • Chronology 693
  • Bilbliography 704
  • Population Figures, 1940 Census 717
  • Map of Louisiana in Five Sections 721
  • Index 735
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