QUEENS, by far the largest of the boroughs, covers 121 square miles of the westernmost end of Long Island, about 37 per cent of the city's total area. The East River separates the borough on the west from the Middle and Upper East Side of Manhattan and on the north from the East Bronx. The North Shore is deeply indented by Flushing and Little Neck bays. Newtown Creek, a four-mile tidal arm of the East River, forms part of the western boundary line (between Queens and Brooklyn), which extends irregularly across Long Island to isle-studded Jamaica Bay, semicircular in shape and about the size of Upper New York Bay. On the south the narrow ten-mile Rockaway peninsula shields Jamaica Bay from the Atlantic Ocean, and on the east Queens merges with Nassau County.
Since the creation of Greater New York in 1898, Queens has grown faster, relatively, than any other borough, yet with the exception of Staten Island it is still the least developed. The "borough of homes" is an amalgam of several score of towns and villages, some three centuries old, others no older than yesterday's real-estate boom. Several of these communities still have independent post-office designations. The neighborhoods of the borough range from intensively industrialized Long Island City and such large-scale residential developments as Forest Hills and Kew Gardens, to the numerous beach colonies and isolated islets of the Rockaways. Long Island City lies opposite mid-town Manhattan; near the Brooklyn-Queens borough line are Maspeth, Ridgewood, Glendale, Woodhaven, Ozone