OZONE PARK, SOUTH OZONE PARK, AND
HOWARD BEACH -- SPRINGFIELD, LAUREL
TON, AND ROSEDALE -- JAMAICA BAY ISLANDS
-- THE ROCKAWAYS
Area: Liberty Ave. and Linden Blvd. (Sutphin Blvd. to city line) on north to Atlantic Ocean on south; from the Brooklyn borough line east to the city line.
Principal highways: Rockaway Blvd., Southern Parkway (Sunrise Highway), Cross Bay Blvd., and Rockaway Beach Blvd.
Transportation: Long Island R.R. (from Atlantic Ave. and Pennsylvania Stations) to all points in South Queens; IRT New Lots subway to New Lots Ave. station, then by bus to the Rockaways; IRT Flatbush Ave. subway to Flatbush Ave. station, then by bus to the Rockaways.
SOUTH QUEENS is cut into two sections by Jamaica Bay. North of the bay are modest, commuter neighborhoods untapped by subway lines and containing two race tracks, Aqueduct and Jamaica. Across the bay's islands one highway and the Long Island Railroad trestle run to the long thin arm of the Rockaway peninsula, which shelters the bay from the Atlantic Ocean. The beaches and seaside communities strung along this sand bar comprise the most frequented ocean resort in the metropolitan area, with the exception of Coney Island.
OZONE PARK, SOUTH OZONE PARK, and HOWARD BEACH, thriving communities developed after 1900, were once part of a farming region, dotted by a meager string of fishermen's huts along the northern shore of Jamaica Bay. As in much of Brooklyn and Queens, the architectural monotony of block upon block of boxlike frame and brick houses, some fronted by a patch of lawn, lends to these communities a prosaic suburban air. Howard Beach is no longer a popular summer colony, since swimming is prohibited in the polluted waters. Boating and fishing, however, continue to be popular sports. The narrow lanes of Shellbank and Hawtree basins, extending inland for half a mile, accommodate small craft, with anchorages at their owners' back yards.