ALTHOUGH the farmlands of New Jersey have attracted immigrants during three centuries, the greatest influx of foreign-born has been to the industrial centers developed within the last hundred years. Close by New York City and the Ellis Island immigrant station, New Jersey absorbed wave after wave of Europeans until today it ranks fifth among the States in its percentage of foreign-born residents.
According to the United States census for 1930, the State had 844,442 foreign-born whites, plus 1,413,239 native whites of foreign or "mixed" parentage, constituting together about 57 percent of the total population. Negroes numbered 208,828, about 5 percent of the total. Native whites of native parentage were about 38 percent of the State's population, compared with an average of about 57 percent for the Nation.
Leading nationalities represented in the foreign-born white population, as recorded by the 1930 census, are shown below:
Englishmen, Swedes, and Hollanders were first among the white newcomers to penetrate the wilderness that was to become New Jersey. To-