in this kind of situation.
* Rural Work Department of the Qinghai Provincial Committee of the CPC, "Gaibian pinnong he zhongnong de bu zhengchang guanxi, you buzou de zuodao shi pinnong he xin xia zhongnong zai lingdao shang zhan youshi", June 1, 1955; collected and reprinted in Gaochao, p. 1279.
[Editor's Note to] "The xiang and cun Cadres Have the Ability
to Give Leadership to the Establishment of Cooperatives"119
This is a good article. Reading this article informs people that the peasants
of the Uighur nationality are very enthusiastic about taking the road of cooperativization. They have already trained the cadres needed to put semisocialist
cooperativization into effect. Some people say that cooperativization cannot
be carried out among the minority nationalities. This is incorrect. We have
already seen that the Mongol, Hui, Uighur, Miao, and Zhuang, and some
other minority nationalities have already set up many cooperatives, or [in
some cases] people of several nationalities have joined together in setting up
cooperatives; moreover, they have done so very successfully. This refutes the
erroneous view of those people who look down on the minority nationalities.
* Ye Han, "Xiang cun ganbu you nengli lingdao jianshe", originally
published in Tiannan ribao [ Tiannan Daily] (Xinjiang), October 16, 1955;
collected and reprinted in Gaochao, p. 1293; Xuanji, V, p. 230; Socialist
Upsurge, p. 190.
See text July 31, 1955, note 18.
For an explanation of "semisocialist" cooperativization throughout this document, see text
Aug. 12, 1953(1), note 9, and text Oct. 15, 1953, note 2.
See text Aug. 12, 1953(1), note 22, and text Dec. 6, 1955, note 10.
When the members joined this cooperative, they pooled their resources toward the price, or
cost, of a mule. This cost was itself divided into four parts, symbolizing the four legs of the mule.
Some were able to contribute 1/6 of "a leg" (i.e., 1/24 or about 4 per cent of the total cost), and
others 1/8, and still others only 1/18, and so on. In all, the members came up with funds equivalent to 2.8 "quarters," hence "three legs of a mule." The cooperative then arranged to have the
members use the mule for three days out of four, while nonmembers had the use of the animal on
the fourth day.
This refers to Jianming Agricultural, Forestry, and Animal Husbandry Cooperative in
Xipu Village in Zunhua xian, Hebei, under the leadership of Wang Guofan. The example of this qiong bangzi she (pauper's cooperative) gave rise to the model of the highly praised qiongbangzi
jingshen (paupers' spirit). Wang Guofan was cited as a "labor model in agriculture," gained
nationwide fame, was elected as a standing member of the Hebei Province Revolutionary Committee in February 1967, and as member of the Ninth Central Committee of the CPC in April