Chronology of Major Developments in the History of Fish and Wildlife Management
The West India Company granted hunting privileges to persons plant-|
ing colonies in New Netherlands.
|1647||Massachusetts Bay colonial ordinance contained provisions regarding the "right of hunting."|
|1694||Massachusetts established the first closed season on deer.|
The first closed season on birds was designated, in certain New York|
counties, for heath hen, grouse, quail, and turkey.
|1739|| Massachusetts established the first game warden system. New York|
followed in 1741.
The first federal game law required closed seasons on deer in all|
colonies except Georgia.
|1782||The bald eagle became recognized as the national emblem.|
The U.S. Constitution established federal authority over treaty mak-|
ing, federal land policy, and interstate commerce. It did not specifi-
cally mention wildlife, but these provisions have been cited ever since
in matters of jurisdiction over various wildlife issues.
|1802||The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers was formed.|
|1812|| General Land Office was established within the Department of the|
Treasury to administer sales and surveys of public land.
|1818|| Massachusetts enacted the first law protecting nongame birds, declar-|
ing a closed season on larks and robins.
The United States established its first national park, in Hot Springs,|
|1836||The Bureau of Indian Affairs was established.|
|May 20, 1844||
The New York Sportmen's Club, the first conservation organization in|
the United States, met for the first time in New York City. In 1873 it
became the New York Association for the Protection of Game.