Anthropological researchers have primary ethical obligations to the people, species, and materials they study and to the people with whom they work. These obligations can supersede the goal of seeking new knowledge.--Code of Ethics ( 1998), American Anthropological Association
TWENTY-FIRST-CENTURY American archaeologists must do a better job. Here's one way to do it.
When Terry Fifield became the Forest Service archaeologist for Alaska's Prince of Wales Island, he felt as though he'd been preparing for this assignment his entire life. He had studied both geology and anthropology in college, had worked on various digs in the American Southwest, and wrote his M.A. thesis at Eastern New Mexico University. The formal part of his archaeological training was now complete.
Another side of Fifield's education began when he took a seasonal job in 1985 with the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) Projects Office in Anchorage. Working with a seasoned team of archaeologists and ethnographers, Fifield's assignment was to find key historical sites and cemeteries from a list selected by regional native corporations. Once such a site had been located, Fifield and his team began recording its archaeological