Frémont, Pathmarker of the West

By Allan Nevins | Go to book overview

XVIII
The Bear Flag Outbreak

MEANWHILE, storm clouds were rapidly gathering over all the fair province of California.

While Frémont's party had been moving north from Sutter's Fort to Peter Lassen's and there marking time as its leader waited for news, Castro had been taking steps for the defense of the northern areas. Late in March he brought a junta of military men together at Monterey to discuss the situation and advise him as to the best policy. This body immediately recognized Paredes as the new President ad interim of the Mexican nation. It then on April 11th reached a series of decisions which had the effect of taking all practical power out of the hands of Governor Pio Pico at Los Angeles, and placing it in that of Don José Castro. These decisions were that the northern towns must be fortified and defended; that Castro's presence in charge of this work was indispensable; that Pico should be invited to Monterey to take part in the defensive activities, but that if he declined Castro should assume full powers with headquarters at Santa Clara; and that he should exercise these powers until the assistance promised by Mexico arrived. Pio Pico violently protested against all this, and the upshot was an embittered division between the two chiefs. When Pico appealed to General Vallejo at Sonoma for support, the latter took Castro's side. He declared that the danger of foreign invasion from the north was real and urgent, that immediate defensive steps were imperative, and that in an emergency Castro could not possibly consult a governor two hundred leagues away.1

____________________
1
Hittell, History of California, II p. 395ff.

-253-

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Frémont, Pathmarker of the West
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xi
  • I- Charleston Boyhood 1
  • II- An Explorer''s Training 19
  • III- First View of the Great West 29
  • IV- Washington Courtship 46
  • V- A Runaway Marriage 60
  • Vl the Stakes of the West 72
  • VII- The First Expedition 89
  • IX- The First Report 116
  • X- The Second Expedition- Outward Bound 127
  • XI- Over the Winter Sierras 147
  • Xll Sutter''s Fort and California 161
  • Xlll Homeward over the Rockies 175
  • XIV- Washington Expansionists and the Far West 190
  • XV- The Third Expedition 206
  • XVI- A Clash with Californians 217
  • XVII- The Message from Gillespie 234
  • XVIII- The Bear Flag Outbreak 253
  • XIX- The California Battalion 287
  • XX- The Quarrel with Kearny 305
  • XXI- A Famous Court-Martial 327
  • XXII- Starvation and Cannibalism 343
  • XXIII- Golconda and the Senate 373
  • XXIV- Managing the Mariposas 393
  • XXV- The Fifth Expedition 408
  • XXVI- The Republican Nomination 421
  • XXVII- The Campaign of 1856 439
  • XXVIII- New Mariposa Troubles 459
  • XXIX- Civil War in the West 473
  • XXX- Frémont vs. Blair and Lincoln 503
  • XXXI- The End of the "Hundred Days" 529
  • XXXII- The Mountain Department 550
  • XXXIII 564
  • XXXIV- A Financial Debacle 583
  • XXXV- Poverty and Labor 602
  • XXXVI- Character and Fame 612
  • XXXVII - Some New Light on Frémont 623
  • Appendix I- Frémont''s Children 663
  • Bibliographical Note 671
  • Index 675
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