|"Lack of significant improvement in teacher job satisfaction;|
|Resistance by teachers, principals, and unions to efforts to restructure teaching, reward superior teachers, and replace the concept of the "shopping mall high school";|
|A significant and alarming gap between the academic achievement of white, compared with black and Hispanic, students;|
|Continued high dropout rates, especially for minority and other at-risk students; and|
|Increasing crime and violence at the school site, especially in inner cities, affecting both students and teachers.|
From this chapter it is clear that the nation's public school systems have a long way to go to respond adequately to challenges posed by the needs and deterrents. The issues involved are complex, and many of the options for dealing with them are costly, sometimes controversial, or both. There are no panaceas, "quick fixes," or "one best way" here. The next chapter covers these issues, experiments, and policy options that the public and private sectors could address in order to support and strengthen the efforts by schools to prepare our work force better for the workplace of the future.