The previous chapters of this book have examined the changing demographics of the nation's work force, described the health care and education deterrents to meeting future employability needs, and analyzed issues and options associated with removal or remediation of these deterrents. The purpose of this chapter is to identify the roles of, and relationships between, the public and private sectors in the preparation of America's future work force.
The first section reviews the historical and current patterns of governmental responsibility and discusses proposals for "sorting out" financial, administrative, regulatory, and other aspects of service delivery within the public sector. This examination builds on material presented in chapter 1. The second section discusses intergovernmental and interagency efforts to coordinate and integrate the delivery of services. The third section considers community and business responses to the challenges of work force preparation through educational and health care reform, including "contracting out" and privatization options as well as "partnership" arrangements between the public and private sectors.
In Federalist No. 45 James Madison argued:
The State governments will have the advantage of the Federal Government, whether we compare them in respect to the immediate dependence of the one on the other; to the weight of personal influence which each side will possess; to the powers respectively vested in them; to the predilection and probable support of the people; to the disposition and faculty of resisting and frustrating the measures of each other.
Many state and local officials believe that Madison's assessment was wrong. Over 200 years of congressional enactments and Supreme Court decisions have