The Demographic Distribution of Ideological Groups in the Ninety-fourth Congress
AS SHOWN in table B-1, the regional origins of the ideological groups in the Ninety-fourth Congress were generally similar to those in the Ninety-first Congress (see table A-1). But some changes had occurred, reflecting, among other things, the results of the 1970 census.
As in 1969, Democratic traditionalists were drawn almost entirely from the South. In the House, however, the traditionalists had lost strength to a rising breed of centrists, like Congressmen Wright and Krueger of Texas and Preyer of North Carolina. Democratic regulars had substantially increased their representation from the Northeast and Greak Lakes states, dominating delegations from Boston, Detroit, Chicago, and Cleveland, and holding many of the seats that had been taken from Republicans in upstate and suburban districts in New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Indiana, and Illinois. Democratic liberals, on the other hand, had barely managed to hold their own, exercising dominance only in delegations from New York City, Los Angeles, and the San Francisco Bay area.
Severe Republican losses in the House from the Great Lakes states had come mainly among the fundamentalists and the moderates, with the stalwarts holding their own. In the Northeast the progressives had lost badly in the House, but had actually added one member in the Senate ( Stafford of Vermont and Weicker of Connecticut more than making up the loss of Goodell of New York). In the Pacific states, fundamentalists more than doubled their representation in the House, but had lost their one member in the Senate ( Murphy of California). In the Rocky Mountain and Great Plains states, all six moderates or progressives in the House had gone, but a moderate had been added in the Senate, through the movement of Pearson of Kansas from stalwart to moderate. Fundamentalists had strengthened their dominance among Republican delegations from the South and the border states.
Among all Democrats in the House, the share of the total from the South and the border states had fallen from 43 percent in 1969 to 37 percent in 1975;