|take into account all relevant factors, including the exceptional character of human health risks to which people voluntarily expose themselves.|
|a.||to protect animal or plant life or health within the territory of the Member from risks arising from the entry, establishment or spread of pests, diseases, disease-carrying organisms or disease-causing organisms;|
|b.||to protect human or animal life or health within the territory of the Member from risks arising from additives, contaminants, toxins or diseasecausing organisms in foods, beverages or feedstuffs;|
|c.||to protect human life or health within the territory of the Member from risks arising from diseases carried by animals, plants or products thereof, or from the entry, establishment or spread of pests; or|
|d.||to prevent or limit other damage within the territory of the Member from the entry, establishment or spread of pests. Sanitary or phytosanitary measures include all relevant laws, decrees, regulations, requirements and procedures including, inter alia, end product criteria; processes and production methods; testing, inspection, certification and approval procedures; quarantine treatments including relevant requirements associated with the transport of animals or plants, or with the materials necessary for their survival during transport; provisions on relevant statistical methods, sampling procedures and methods of risk assessment; and packaging and labeling requirements directly related to food safety.|
The establishment, recognition and application of common sanitary and phytosanitary measures by different Members.
Chang, H. E ( 1995) "An economic analysis of trade measures to protect the global environment", Georgetown Law Journal, 83.6, 2131-2213.
Charnovitz, S. ( 1993) "A taxonomy of environmental trade measures", Georgetown International Environmental Law Review, 6, 1-25.
GATT ( 1994) GATT Panel Report on Tuna-Dolphin, Geneva: GATT Secretariat.