Prose writer and dramatist
Born in Odessa, Ukraine, 13 July 1894. Attended Nicholas I Commercial School, Odessa, 1905-II; Institute of Financial and Business Studies, Kiev, later in Saratov, 1911-15, graduated 1915. Served in the army, 1917-18. Married: Evgeniia Gronfein in 1919, one daughter; also one daughter by Antonina Pirozhkova.Lived in Petrograd from 1918: worked on Gor'kii's magazine Novaia zhizn', 1918; editor, Ukrainian State Publishing House, 1919-20; news service correspondent with First Cavalry on the Polish campaign, 1920, and correspondent for Tiflis newspaper in Caucasus.Lived in Moscow from 1923; secretary of the village soviet at Molodenovo, 1930; out of favour in the 1930s; arrested, and manuscripts confiscated, 1939. It is now established that he was executed, 27 January 1940. Posthumously cleared of charges, 1954.
Collected Stories, edited and translated by Walter Morison. New York, Criterion, 1955; Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1961; 1974.
Izbrannoe. 1957; reprinted Letchworth, Bradda, 1965.
Liubka the Cossack and Other Stories, edited and translated by Andrew R. MacAndrew. New York, Signet, 1963.
The Lonely Years 1925-29: Unpublished Stories and Private Correspondence, edited by Nathalie Babel, translated by Max Hayward and Andrew R. MacAndrew. New York, Farrar Straus and Giroux, 1964.
Zabytye rasskazy [ Forgotten Stories]. Letchworth, Bradda, 1965.
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1966.
You Must Know Everything: Stories 1915-1937, edited by Nathalie Babel, translated by Max Hayward. New York, Farrar Straus and Giroux, 1969.
Benya Krik, The Gangster, and Other Stories, edited by Avrahm Yarmolinsky . London, Vallentine Mitchell, 1971.
The Forgotten Prose, edited and translated by Nicholas Stroud. Ann Arbor, Ardis, 1978; as Zabytyi Babel', Ann Arbor, Ardis, 1979.
Detstvo i drugie rasskazy [ Childhood and Other Stories], edited by Efraim Sicher. Jerusalem, Biblioteka Aliia, 1979.
Chetyre rasskazy/Four Stories, edited by A. B. Murphy. Letchworth, Prideaux Press, 1981; revised edition, London, Bristol Classical Press, 1993.
Sochineniia, 2 vols. Moscow, 1991.
Collected Stories, translated by David McDuff. Harmondsworth. Penguin, 1994.
Sochineniia, 2 vols. Moscow, 1996.
Na pole chesti [On the Field of Honour], Lava, I ( 1920), 10-13.
Rasskazy [ Stories]. Moscow, 1924; reprinted Letchworth, Prideaux Press, 1976.
Konarmiia. Moscow and Leningrad, 1926; revised edition, 1928; Konarmiia/Red Cavalry, edited by Andrew Barratt, London, Bristol Classical Press, 1994; translated as Red Cavalry, by John Harland, London, Knopf, 1929; also translated by Walter Morison, in Collected Stories, 1955; by Andrew R. MacAndrew in Liubka the Cossack and Other Stories, 1963; and by David McDuff, in Collected Stories, 1994.
Bluzhdaiushchie zvezdy: rasskaz dlia kino [ Wandering Stars: A Cine-Story]. Moscow, 1926; reprinted Ann Arbor, Ardis, 1972.
Istoriia moei golubiatni [ The Story of My Dovecot]. Moscow and Leningrad, 1926.
Benia Krik: kinopovest', Krasnaia nov', 6 ( 1926); translated as Benia Krik: A Film-Novel, by Ivor Montague and S. S. Nolbandov , London, Collets, 1935; reprinted 1984.
Korol' [ The King]. Paris, 1926.
Evreiskie rasskazy [ Jewish Tales]. Moscow, 1927.
Odesskie rasskazy. Moscow and Leningrad, 1931; translated as Tales of Odessa, by Walter Morison, in Collected Stories, 1955; and by David McDuff, in Collected Stories, 1994.
Rasskazy. Moscow, 1936.
Zakat (produced 1927). Moscow and Leningrad, 1928; reprinted Letchworth, Prideaux Press, 1976; translated as "Sunset", by Raymond Rosenthal and Mirra Ginsburg, in Noonday, 3 ( 1960).
Mariia (produced 1964). Moscow and Leningrad, 1935; reprinted Letchworth, Prideaux Press, 1976; translated as "Marya", by Michael Glenny and Harold Shukman, in Three Soviet Plays, edited by Glenny, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1966