Reference Guide to Russian Literature

By Neil Cornwell; Nicole Christian | Go to book overview


Aleksandr Ivanovich Herzen 1812-1870
Prose writer, essayist, memoirist, and political theorist


Born in Moscow, 6 April 1812. Also wrote under the pseudonyms Iskander and I. Nionskii.Educated at home; studied physics and mathematics at Moscow University, 1829-33; completed dissertation, "Analytical Exposition of Copernicus' Solar System", 1833 (silver medal). Joined a group of students to debate progressive ideas: arrested and charged with "dangerous free-thinking", 1834; exiled to clerical service in Perm, 1835, then to Viatka, 1835-37; transferred to Vladimir to serve in governor's office, 1837-39. Married: I) Natal'ia Aleksandrovna Zakhar'ina in 1838 (died 1852), eight children; (only eldest son and two daughters survived past infancy); z) Natal'ia Alekseevna Tuchkova-Ogareva (unofficial). Returned to Moscow to serve in clerical office of Ministry of Internal Affairs, 1839. Moved to St Petersburg to serve in same department, 1840. Exiled to Novgorod for "the spreading of baseless rumours", 1841. Served in Novgorod as councillor to governing body, 1841-42. Resigned and lived and wrote in Moscow, 1842-46. First critical essay published, 1836 (in Teleskop); subsequent works in Otechestvennye zapiski, 1839-46. Emigrated with his family in 1847; lived in Paris 1847-49, visited Italy, 1848. After participating in anti‐ government demonstrations in Paris, fled to Switzerland in 1849. Refused to obey Tsar Nicholas I's order to return in 1850 to Russia and became an exile. Naturalized in Switzerland, 1851. Took part in revolutionary propaganda, edited Poliarnaia zvezda and Kolokol. Lived in London, 1852-64; returned to Switzerland and continued literary and political activities, 1865-69. Died in Paris, 21 January 1870. Buried in Nice.


Collected Editions

Sochineniia, 10 vols. Geneva, Basle, Lyon, 1875-79.

Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem, 22 vols. Petrograd/ Leningrad, 1915-25.

Sobranie sochinenii, 30 vols. Moscow, 1954-66.

Sochineniia, 4 vols. Moscow, 1988.


"Kto vinovat?", Otechestvennye zapiski, 12 ( 1845); 4 ( 1846); as separate edition, St Petersburg, 1847; translated as Who is to Blame? A Novel in Two Parts, by Margaret Wettlin, Moscow, Progress, 1978; also translated by Michael R. Katz, Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 1984.

"Doktor Krupov", Sovremennik, 9 ( 1847); also in Prervannye rasskazy Iskandera [Interrupted Stories by Iskander], London, 1854.

"Soroka-vorovka", Sovremennik, 2 ( 1848); translated as The Thieving Magpie. A Story, by Avril Pyman, Moscow, Raduga, 1986.

"Povrezhdennyi" [Deranged Person], in Prervannye rasskazy Iskandera, London, 1854.

"Doktor, umiraiushchii i mertvye" [Doctor, the Dying, and the Dead], in Sbornik posmertnykh statei A.I. Gertsena. Geneva, 1870.

Articles and Essays

Vom Anderen Ufer. Hamburg, Hoffman and Kampe, 1850; S togo berega, London, 1855; translated as From the Other Shore, by Moura Budberg, London, Weidenfield and Nicolson, 1956; reprinted Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1979.

Le peuple russe et le socialisme. Lettre à Monsieur J. Michelet, Jercey, 1855; translated as The Russian People and Their Socialism. A Letter to M.J. Michelet, by V. Linton, London, 18 5 5; in Russian as Russkii narod i sotsializm, London, 1858; also translated as Open Letter to Jules Michelet, by Richard Wollheim, London, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1956.

Pis'ma iz Frantsii i Italii. London, 1855; translated as Letters from France and Italy, 1847-1851, by Judith Zimmerman, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, University of Pittsburgh Press, 1995.

"Kontsy i nachala" [Ends and Beginnings], Kolokol, 138, 140, 142, 144, 145, 148, 149 ( 1862); 154, 156 ( 1863); also in Esche raz. Sbornik statei Iskandera [Once Again]. Geneva, 1866.

Pis'ma k staromu tovarishchu. Sbornik posmertnykh statei Aleksandra Ivanovicha Gertsena [Letters to the Old Comrade]. 1867-69; Geneva, 1870; 2nd edition, 1874.

Eshche raz Bazarov [Bazarov Once More]. 1869.

Philosophical Writing

Diletantizm v nauke [Dilettantism in Science]. 1842-43. Pis'ma ob izuchenii prirody [Letters on the Study of Nature]. 1845-46.


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Reference Guide to Russian Literature
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Reference Guide to Russian Literature *
  • Contents *
  • Editor's Note vii
  • Advisers xi
  • Contributors xi
  • Alphabetical List of Writers and Works xiii
  • Alphabetical List of Works xix
  • Chronological List of Writers xxiii
  • General Reading List xxvii
  • Chronology xxxv
  • Glossary xxxix
  • Introductory Essays *
  • Old Russian Literature 3
  • Pre-Revolutionary Russian Theatre 9
  • Russian Literature in the I8th Century 13
  • Aleksandr Pushkin: from Byron to Shakespeare 18
  • The Classic Russian Novel 25
  • The Superfluous Man in Russian Literature 29
  • Women's Writing in Russia 35
  • Russian Literary Theory: from the Formalists to Lotman 40
  • Post-Revolutionary Russian Theatre 45
  • Experiment and Emigration: Russian Literature, 1917-1953 49
  • Socialist Realism in Soviet Literature 55
  • Thaws, Freezes, and Wakes: Russian Literature, 1953-1991 59
  • Russian Literature in the Post-Soviet Period 64
  • Writers and Works *
  • A 73
  • B 127
  • C 213
  • D 237
  • E 271
  • F 297
  • G 311
  • H 379
  • I 389
  • K 413
  • L 485
  • M 521
  • N 559
  • O 585
  • P 611
  • R 685
  • S 707
  • T 789
  • U 859
  • V 861
  • Y 897
  • Z 899
  • Title Index 933
  • Notes on Advisers and Contributors 963


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