Many of the cases discussed in this book have produced recorded opinions by the judges who heard the case at trial or on appeal. These opinions present extended discussions by the judges of their understanding of defamation and their way of balancing the competing demands of freedom of expression and protection of reputation. Many of these opinions are written in a clear and lively manner, and all provide understanding at greater depth of the issues involved in defamation suits. Each opinion is identified by its own specific citation number, for example, 123 U.S. 456. The first number identifies the volume number of the published record in which the opinion appears, and the last number is the page number on which the opinion begins. The letters in the middle identify the series of volumes (e.g., United States Reports) of published opinions in which the case opinion appears. Most larger libraries carry these publications as do county law libraries.