IN 1987, I was invited to give the first Bertil Ohlin Lectures at the Stockholm School of Economics, leading to the publication of Protectionism (1988) by MIT Press. The lectures were widely reviewed and read, even translated into several languages.
A decade later, I gave three lectures collectively titled “Free Trade Today,” again at the Stockholm School of Economics. By the 1990s, the opposition facing the proponents of free trade had changed dramatically. I myself engaged in many public debates, both face-to-face, as when I took on Ralph Nader in the Town Hall of Seattle in November 1999 (when the World Trade Organization Ministerial failed amid chaos) in the presence of literally hundreds of his electrically charged followers, and in invited lectures worldwide and oped articles in innumerable magazines and newspapers. Videotapes exist of the debates, and my public-policy writings in the popular media and elsewhere have been collected in two volumes also published by MIT Press: A Stream of Windows: Unsettling Reflections on Trade, Immigration, and Democracy (1998) and The Wind of the Hundred Days: How Washington Mismanaged Globalization (2001).