Rise of the Republicans
THE COMPROMISE of 1790 had a profound impact on the politics of the Chesapeake. The Potomac watershed, which anticipated substantial advantages from the federal residence, was overjoyed at the result. The nationalist leanings already evident in the contest over the Constitution were reinforced, and the region remained wedded to the Federalist party for the remainder of the decade. Elsewhere, the reaction was quite the opposite. Baltimore and the Susquehanna Valley felt cheated by their loss and feared the competitive position of the Potomac. Southern Virginia and North Carolina saw little direct benefit in the capital's relocation, and if the price was surrender to Hamilton and his mercantile friends, it was too high. 1 Both regions had been debtor-Antifederalist, by the end of 1790 the only thing their anti-administration politics needed was a label.
The death of William Grayson left one of Virginia's Senate seats vacant, and Virginia Antifederalists naturally explored Patrick's