Industrial development moves us from the countryside to the city geographically, and unfortunately for agricultural development, the saying holds true, "Out of sight, out of mind." Yet nothing is more crucial to the cities of impoverished nations than agricultural development. The population in most of those countries is overwhelmingly rural, but becoming urbanized too rapidly. To a large extent this pull to the city, or push from the countryside, occurs because rural areas have been so neglected. Paradoxically, the best thing for the cities is agricultural development.
That does not mean backing away from industry, but rather putting industry to work for agriculture, and vice versa. In this way development spreads gains throughout the entire population.
How does a country put industry and agriculture to work for each other? Industry can concentrate on manufacturing fertilizers, tools, and other products vital to farmers for increasing their output. For example, according to one estimate, 26 million tons of fertilizer will be needed annually in underdeveloped countries by 1980. For an overall investment of $4 bil-