Models of Development
Attempts at development show widespread diversity. No two countries are alike, and the great majority of new nations avoid lining up in the camp of either communist-type socialism or unrestrained capitalism. They are trying to find their own paths in ways that subordinate economic theories to practical considerations. With diversity the rule, and bearing in mind that no "pure" models exist, one may for convenience designate countries as having capitalist, hard-line socialist, or mixed economies.
Japan stands high as the success story of Asia, although its value as a model to underdeveloped countries is limited by a few unusual advantages. As a northern country, Japan enjoys a nontropical climate. It moved toward industrialization rapidly in the late nineteenth century and emerged strong enough by 1941 to launch a war against the United States and conquer most of Southeast Asia. It became a rich, developed nation while most of today's poor nations were still colonies,