Foreign Aid: A Case of Intentions
If the purpose of U.S. economic assistance is to move people away from hunger and poverty by spurring development, then it falls far short of the mark. One reason for this failure is that aid to the underdeveloped countries, never sufficient to begin with, began dropping in the 1960s. To say that insufficient foreign aid is a cause of failure pays indirect tribute to the considerable accomplishments of such aid, without which the world would be in much worse condition today.
Foreign aid is a relatively new idea. A precedent of sorts began during World War II with "lend-lease," which enabled our allies to carry on the war effort. When the war ended in 1945, so did the lendlease program. Soon it became apparent that the nations of Europe were not able to rise quickly from the ashes and rebuild themselves. Spurred by this and by fear of Soviet communism, in 1947 the United States proposed a European Recovery Program (the Marshall Plan). Including postwar relief that predated the Marshall Plan, and apart from military aid, the United States poured $23.1 billion worth of official economic assistance--plus much pri