After the elections of 1878, resulting in a Democratic House and Senate, the "Stalwarts" alienated by the President's Southern policy and the party workers by his efforts to reform the civil service were ready to believe that defeat awaited the Republican party in 1880. But Hayes's wise administration and the improvement in business and financial conditions caused a strong under- current of confidence, resulting in an eager competition for the Republican nomination for President. The Senatorial triumvirate, Conkling of New York, J. D. Cameron of Pennsylvania and Logan of Illinois were first in the field with their warm advocacy of General Grant, whom, in the various ways necessary to bring a man before the country, they put forward as a candidate during 1879.
Soon after the expiration of his second term, Grant started on a tour round the world and was received both in Europe and in Asia with distinguished courtesies never before accorded to an American citizen. Full reports of his progress were given by the newspapers, and every one felt a glow of pride in reading of the honors bestowed upon the representative of his country. When Grant arrived at San Francisco in September 1879, he was certainly the most popular man in the United States. His reception in San Francisco could not have been more enthusiastic and the leisurely trip thence to Chicago was at-