Terrorism Today and Tomorrow
Terrorism today is dominated by several different trends that in recent years have become increasingly intertwined -- with often unsettling consequences. The re-emergence in the early 1980s of terrorism motivated by a religious imperative and state-sponsored terrorism set in motion profound changes in the nature, motivations and capabilities of terrorists that are still unfolding. The appearance later in the decade of a professional subculture of terrorist 'guns for hire', coupled with the proliferation during the 1990s of so-called 'amateur' terrorists (with little or no formal connection to an existing terrorist group), continued this process, transforming terrorism into the arguably more diffuse and amorphous phenomenon that it has now become. This concluding chapter discusses some of the implications of these trends within the context of the rise and persistence of state- sponsored terrorism and for the light that they shed on potential terrorist use of weapons of mass destruction.
Certainly, governments have long engaged in various types of illicit, clandestine activities -- including the systematic use of terror -- against their enemies, both domestic and foreign. The Nazis' victimization of Jews, gypsies, communists and homosexuals, political rivals and other 'enemies of the state' in Germany, and the Serbian military's intimate involvement in fomenting anti-Habsburg unrest in Bosnia on the eve of