Reading German: A Course and Reference Grammar

By Waltraud Coles; Bill Dodd | Go to book overview

10
Effective Reading Strategies

10.1 Reading as a Skill

The aim of this chapter is to encourage learners to examine their own reading techniques and to work on improving them. The main point to note is that reading is a skill which can be practised and improved.

Research into effective reading in a foreign language suggests that learners with good reading skills in their first language are able to transfer these skills to reading the foreign language and that this helps them to make good progress towards fast and effective reading in the foreign language. On the other hand, learners who make slow progress in learning to read a foreign language often have poorly developed strategies for reading in their first language. Thus, being aware of your reading techniques in English can help you to become a more effective reader of German.


10.2 'Reading for Structure' and 'Reading for Meaning'

Effective reading is a combination of two processes, which are sometimes called 'bottom- up' and 'top-down'.

'Bottom-up' processing is essentially 'reading for structure'. The reader focuses on the forms and structures in the text at a very local level, such as letters and words, and builds up the message of the text from these units. Important skills at this level are letter-and word-recognition (see E1-3), and the recognition of larger structures such as phrases and clauses. In German, more attention needs to be paid to the ends of words, clauses, and sentences than is the case in English. Obviously, the early stages of reading in a foreign language will involve focusing on this kind of detail to a much greater extent than one is used to in reading one's first language. This is why the first nine chapters of this course have concentrated on this kind of 'reading for structure'.

The 'top-down' approach, on the other hand, is firmly focused on 'reading for meaning'. In reading the text, the reader focuses on the meaning, remembering clearly the meanings which have been expressed so far and making predictions about what meanings might be expressed next. Readers who are competent at approaching a text in this way tend to use 'bottom-up' processing to check whether the assumptions they are making about what the text is saying are actually correct. Clearly, this is the type of

-73-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Reading German: A Course and Reference Grammar
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Authors' Preface vii
  • Contents ix
  • About This Book x
  • Part I - Reading Course 1
  • List of Chapter Topics 3
  • 1 9
  • 2 14
  • 3 22
  • 4 30
  • 5 38
  • 6 44
  • 7 51
  • 8 58
  • 9 65
  • 10 73
  • 11 80
  • 12 89
  • 13 94
  • 14 98
  • 15 104
  • 16 110
  • Key to Coursebook Exercises 117
  • Part II - Reference Section 131
  • List of Topics 133
  • Key to Further Exercises 321
  • Part IV - German-English Text Corpus 335
  • List of Texts 336
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 380

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.