The first edition of this book appeared in 1993; this second edition revises and updates the argument. The ambition remains the same: to evaluate the current prospects for democracy and democratization. The thematic structure of the book is unchanged, and the most significant additions are the following: Chapter 2 has a new section on prospects for democracy as we approach the millennium; Chapter 3 has been extended with a section on economic performance in the current democratic transitions; and Chapter 5 has been substantially revised to include an evaluation of the possibilities for further democratic consolidation.
I am grateful for much positive response on the first edition from professors and students, including feedback from referees and from Chung-in Moon, who made valuable suggestions on this second edition. I also thank friends and colleagues for their help and encouragement. Series editor George Lopez started this project by inviting me to submit a book proposal on democracy and democratization. Comments from Frances Hagopian and several members of the Dilemmas editorial board helped improve the proposal. Jennifer Knerr and Rachel Quenk from Westview were always ready with advice and support as the project moved along. Jørgen Elklit, Hans-Henrik Holm, Hans-Jørgen Nielsen, Ole Nøgaard, and Palle Svensson read the manuscript, or parts of it, and provided extensive comments that made the first edition a better book. Comments from Westview's two anonymous reviewers of the manuscript were also very useful. Jonna Kjær aided in preparing the final version of the manuscript. Special thanks to Beverly LeSuer, whose expert editorial input significantly improved the readability of the book. Libby Barstow guided it through the final production stage. The second edition has benefited from the generous assistance of Adina Popescu and the wonderful skills of Jonna Kjær in preparing the revised manuscript. Ryan Goldberg safely saw the second edition through production, and Allison Aydelotte was a fine copy editor. Any shortcomings that remain are my responsibility. Finally, I am grateful, once again, for the constant support and encouragement of my wife, Lisbet.