Although this study is a product of eight years of research and analysis, my search for an explanation for the decline of democracies began much earlier. The process of democratization in Turkey started in 1946, but has been subject to three military interruptions, which occurred approximately every ten years ( 1960, 1971, and 1980) and which suppressed civil and political rights. As a citizen of Turkey, I have found the viability of democracy and human rights a natural and continuous concern to me. But my interest in the subject could not have become an intellectual challenge and academic pursuit without the encouragement and support that I received from many.
I am most indebted to Richard Hofferbert and William O'Neill, who not only helped me to clarify my ideas, read several versions of the work, and provided invaluable comments, but also persuaded me that the research deserved to be developed into a book. I deeply appreciate Semih Finncioǧlu, who created time in his busy schedule and meticulously produced the graphic art work included in the book. Jacci Rosa, although only a sophomore, accomplished the work of a graduate assistant and, with her wonderful personality and friendship, brought sanity to my lonely work days. Art Weisenseel demonstrated his patience in converting the incompatible data tapes from one filing system to another. I am also very appreciative of the people whose studies are referred to in this book. Without their accomplishments, my work would be much harder, if at all possible. I am also grateful for the meticulous and skillful editing of Ida May Norton. Of course, whatever errors remain are my contribution, and I am solely responsible.
Last, but not least, I would like to acknowledge the contribution of my husband, who took over my share of family responsibilities and provided me with time to concentrate on my studies; and of my son, who settled for a single parent for many days during the past two years, including an entire summer.
Z. F. A.