Political Concepts and Political Theories

By Gerald F. Gaus | Go to book overview

ety of ways; only a sample of the main proposals were discussed. Examined were arguments in favor of (1) equal welfare, (2) equal satisfaction of needs, (3) equal resources, (4) equal capabilities, (5) equal civic status, (6) political and social equality, and (7) equality of opportunity.


Notes
1.
See here J. R. Lucas, The Principles of Politics ( Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966), pp. 243ff.
2.
R. H. Tawney, Equality ( New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1931), pp. 110-111.
3.
Aristotle, The Politics, in Richard. McKeon, ed., The Basic Works of Aristotle ( New York: Random House, 1941), Book 3 [1280a-1281a].
4.
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, W. D. Ross, trans. ( Oxford: Oxford University Press), Book 5, 3 [1131a6-1132a2].
5.
François-Noël Babeuf and Slyvain Marechal, "The Manifesto of Equality," in Louis P. Pojman and Robert Westmorland, eds., Equality ( Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987), pp. 49-52.
6.
Jeremy Bentham, Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, in Alan Ryan, ed., Utilitarianism and Other Essays (Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, 1987), chap. 1.
7.
This is an alteration of a case given by Amartya Sen, "Equality of What?" in Sterling McMurrin, ed., Liberty, Equality and the Law ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), pp. 145ff. See Section 6.4.
8.
Quoted in Bernard Crick, Socialism (Milton Keynes, UK: Open University Press, 1987), p. 8.
9.
Thomas Nagel, Equality and Partiality ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1991), p. 64.
10.
Ibid., p. 66.
11.
J. R. Lucas, "Against Equality," in Hugo A. Bedau, ed., Justice and Equality ( Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1971), p. 139.
12.
S. I. Benn and R. S. Peters, Social Principles and the Democratic State ( London: George Allen and Unwin, 1959), p. 110.
13.
Ibid., p. 111.
14.
Stanley I. Benn, "Human Rights--for Whom and for What?" in Eugene Kamenka and Alice Erh-Soon Tay, eds., Human Rights ( New York: St. Martin's Press, 1978), p. 67.
15.
Herbert Spiegelberg, "A Defense of Human Equality," Philosophical Review, vol. 53 ( March 1944), p. 114.
16.
Ibid.
17.
See Rawls, A Theory of Justice ( Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971), p. 101.
18.
Ibid., p. 74.
19.
William Styron, Sophie's Choice ( New York: Vintage Books, 1992).
20.
See Gregory Vlastos, "Justice and Equality," in R. B. Brandt, ed., Social Justice ( Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1962).
21.
Lucas, The Principles of Politics, p. 251.

-155-

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