Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Testing

By Roy Freedle | Go to book overview

Preface

Funds were made available by ETS's Senior Vice President Robert Solomon (now ex officio) for conducting a conference to explore how current fields of Al might contribute to ETS's plans to automate one or more of its testing activities. Towards this end, experts in several Al specialties were brought together with ETS researchers and test developers for 2 days to hear and discuss 12 papers that were written with testing issues in mind. In addition to these 12 papers, two discussants were asked to give their critiques of the conference.

Of these 14 presentations, 11 reached the final-draft stage and these have been included in this volume. To these, two additional documents have been added. Prior to the conference proceedings, I sent a paper to each conference participant to raise what I thought might be interesting topics for discussion. The first chapter of this volume, with minor alterations, represents this preconference material; it provides a convenient overview of the wide variety of topics that the conference was intended to survey. In addition to this opening chapter, I have added a final contribution by Randy Bennett and colleagues in order to illustrate the type of Al activity that is currently being supported at ETS; it is a collaborative effort between several ETS researchers and AI experts at Yale University.

Each author was asked first to survey his area of expertise and, whenever possible, to include some comments on how his or her field might impinge upon testing issues. By and large, all authors commented on how their field may impinge on testing.

A brief overview of all the chapters will help to contextualize additional comments that I wish to make below:

-ix-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Testing
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 332

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.