Introductory Phonetics and Phonology: A Workbook Approach

By Linda I. House | Go to book overview

Chapter 3
Vowels

The first part of the GAP studied in detail is the section on vowels. A clear understanding of the vowels is important because vowels are the nucleus of the syllable. Fifteen vowels are commonly used in American English. Of these 15 vowels, GAP uses 13. The other 2 (/a/ and /ɒ/) are used in the eastern dialect.

In chapter 1, vowels are defined by the IPA using the three dimensions of height, frontness, and rounding. Each of these three parameters is presented in detail from the perspective of the physical dimensions (the auditory attributes). It is helpful to refer to Fig. 3.1 while reading the narrative explanations of each of the vowels.

The chapter concludes with a brief discussion on acoustic phonetics and visual displays of 11 vowels commonly used in GAP.

FIG. 3.1. the GAP vowel chart.

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Introductory Phonetics and Phonology: A Workbook Approach
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Part I - Understanding Phonetics and Phonology 1
  • Chapter 1 - The Basis of Phonetics and Phonology 3
  • Chapter 2 - Anatomical and Physiological Correlates 11
  • Chapter 3 - Vowels 29
  • Chapter 4 - Diphthongs 51
  • Notes *
  • Chapter 5 - Consonants 62
  • Chapter 6 - Single Phoneme and Phonological Development 130
  • Part II - Stress and Theory 139
  • Chapter 7 - Coarticulation 141
  • Notes *
  • Chapter 8 - Syllable Stress 148
  • Notes *
  • Chapter 9 - Narrow Transcription and Factors Influencing Pronunciation 176
  • Chapter 10 - Sentence Stress 203
  • Notes *
  • Chapter 11 - Standards of Pronunciation and Dialects 210
  • Notes *
  • Appendix A - Background of the English Language 217
  • Appendix B - Old English (enʒlisć) 221
  • Appendix C - Middle English (englysshe) 229
  • Appendix D - The Modern Period 236
  • Notes *
  • Appendix E - Aphabets, Writing, Speling, and Dictionaries throughout the Years 240
  • Appendix F - Loanwords 247
  • References 257
  • Index 258
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