Authoritarianism in Latin America since Independence

By Will Fowler | Go to book overview

and the military government. While the former is now associated with chaos, crisis, and social disintegration, potently symbolized by the toma, the latter is treated increasingly generously, especially in terms of the way in which it "modernised" the country. 44

In terms of housing, there have been very few changes to the Pinochet model. Even where new schemes have been introduced, such as the new sites-and-services scheme known as the vivienda progresiva, it has been within the framework of the current subsidy system. 45 Most changes, such as new leasing schemes and urban renovation subsidies, have been aimed more at middle-income groups. One shrewd move by the new regime was to allow allegado committees to apply collectively to SERVIU, albeit with a maximum number of fifty members. This encouraged the proliferation of small, uncoordinated committees competing for the subsidies which are available. The government has maintained an extremely hostile attitude towards tomas, but was given a major shock in 1992 with a massive occupation in the Peñalolen area, which it could not dislodge by force. In general, the foundation of housing policy remains subsidy certificates for middle-income groups to exchange on the open market and state-contracted viviendas básicas for low-income groups. Once again, the Pinochet legacy has proved to be an enduring one.


CONCLUSIONS

Over its sixteen-year period of rule, the Pinochet regime showed itself capable of adaptation and cunning in overcoming the challenges to its authority. The first brutal impact of the coup, followed by selective but vicious repression, left a mark of fear which still permeates the country. The economic model brought about sweeping changes to employment, class structure, and cultural life. Yet despite its audacity in imposing these changes, the regime also knew when it was necessary to adopt a more pragmatic policy, albeit without deviating from its fundamental path. Such was the case in the early 1980s, when both political and economic adversity forced the regime into certain concessions. Although not enough to ensure its survival in the long-term, this allowed it to last much longer than had been thought possible when the protest movement first emerged, and to secure a transition on highly favorable terms which involved retaining a considerable amount of power.

Housing policy clearly demonstrates the different faces of the Chilean military regime--from authoritarianism in the relocation programms to rational bureaucracy with the Basic Housing Program, from laissez-faire in the 1970s to a pragmatic subsidy policy in the 1980s. The regime used the iron fist when it came to land occupations,

-145-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Authoritarianism in Latin America since Independence
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 170

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.