After Victory: Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Rebuilding of Order after Major Wars

By G. John Ikenberry | Go to book overview

Chapter Five
THE SETTLEMENT OF 1919

OF ALL the great postwar settlements, the peace of 1919 has provoked the most study, controversy, and regret. The “failure” of the Versailles settle/ ment has been the source of unending debate over the causes and implica/ tions of the lost peace, the limits of liberal internationalism, and the possi/ bility of international order based on democracy, self-determination, and the rule of law. No peace settlement has been more frequently invoked in public and scholarly argument about the sources of peace and the lessons of history.

The peace settlement after World War I is striking in several respects: it involved the most explicit and public discussion of the principles and organization of postwar order yet seen; postwar leaders clashed over com/ peting designs for postwar order—not unusual, except that the differences were deep ones concerning the basic logic of order; and the public and political parties in Europe and America were heavily engaged in inspiring or constraining war aims and postwar proposals, shaping and limiting the ability of American and European leaders to pursue their postwar order/ building goals.

The United States emerged as the leading world power after the war, and it brought an ambitious institutional agenda aimed at binding demo/ cratic states together in a universal rule-based association. These institu/ tional proposals were more sweeping than those that Britain brought to Vienna in 1815; they envisioned a worldwide organization of democra/ cies—a League of Nations—operating according to more demanding rules and obligations. The great powers would still form the core of this demo/ cratic community, but power balancing would be replaced by more legal/ and rule-based mechanisms of power management and dispute resolution.

The constitutional model is useful in several respects in identifying the logic that informed America's institutional strategy and the disputed post/ war order that followed. First, the United States did try to use its momen/ tary power advantages during and after the war to secure a postwar settle/ ment that locked in a favorable order, and it attempted to use offers of restraint on and commitment of its own power to gain an institutional agreement with European states. An institutional agreement that would bind the great powers together, including Germany, and create principled commitments and mechanisms for the settlement of disputes was at the heart of Woodrow Wilson's proposal for a postwar league. The willingness

-117-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
After Victory: Institutions, Strategic Restraint, and the Rebuilding of Order after Major Wars
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 293

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.