Merchants and Faith: Muslim Commerce and Culture in the Indian Ocean

By Patricia Risso | Go to book overview

Notes

Chapter 1
1.
Ashin Das Gupta, "India and the Indian Ocean in the Eighteenth Century," in Ashin Das Gupta and M. N. Pearson, eds., India and the Indian Ocean 1500 1800 (Calcutta: Oxford University Press, 1987), pp. 132-133.
2.
M. N. Pearson, "Merchants and States," in James D. Tracy, ed., The Political Economy of Merchant Empires (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), p. 69.
3.
K. N. Chaudhuri, Trade and Civilisation in the Indian Ocean: An Economic History from the Rise of Islam to 1750 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985), e.g., p. 3. Cf. Niels Steensgaard, "The Indian Ocean Network and the Emerging World-Economy, c. 1500-1750," in Satish Chandra, ed., The Indian Ocean: Explorations in History, Commerce and Politics (New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1987), p. 127.
4.
H. Neville Chittick and Robert I. Rotberg, eds., East Africa and the Orient: Cultural Syntheses in Pre-Colonial Times (New York: Africana Publishing Co., 1975), p. 2
5.
Chaudhuri, Trade and Civilisation, ch. 5 and maps on pp. 104 and 115. Janet Abu-Lughod, Before European Hegemony: The World System A.D. 1250-1350 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989), e.g., pp. 32-38; she includes both maritime and overland loops or circuits.
6.
See, for example, Hurl Islamoǧlu-I̊nan, "Introduction," in Huri̊ Islamoǧlu‐ Inan, ed., The Ottoman Empire and the World-Economy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), p. 3.
7.
For a brief discussion of this, see Frederick Mathewson Denny, An Introduction to Islam, 2nd edn. (New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1994), pp. 195-196.
8.
Matthew 22:15-22; Mark 12:13-17; Luke 20:19-26.
9.
E.g., Maxime Rodinson, Islam and Capitalism, trans. by Brian Pearce (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1978), p. 110.
10.
See, for example, Fazlur Rahman, Islam, 2nd edn. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979), chs. 4 and 14. Also, Abdulaziz Abdulhussein Sachedina, The Just Ruler (al-sultan al-'adil) in Shi'ite Islam (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).
11.
Stanley Wolpert, A New History of India, 4th edn. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993), pp. 207-208.
12.
For the Mediterranean: Henri Pirenne, Mohammed and Charlemagne, trans. by B. Miall (New York: W. W. Norton, 1939); Alfred F. Havinghurst, ed., The Pirenne Thesis: Analysis, Criticism, and Revision (Boston: D.C. Heath and Com

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